Circle in the Square
Circle in the Square
By: Nancy Riestenberg
Through many examples, Circle in the Square shows how Circles are making a difference every day at all levels of education. Circles are transforming not only discipline but also teaching, the class and school climate,relations among staff and students, and the wider school community.
In this, her first book, Nancy Riestenberg writes warmly and with long experience about the challenges facing school communities and how restorative measures—specifically Circles—create a safer space for learning and development for all. Using stories direct “from the hallways,” she brings heart to subjects that are often divisive and controversial: bullying and other violence, suspension, drug use, staff conflicts, and more. Throughout the book, Nancy’s focus is on strategies that actually work for the whole school community: students, parents, administrators, teachers, and the community in which they live.
Nancy Riestenberg has over twenty-five years of experience in the fields of violence prevention education, child sexual abuse prevention, and restorative measures in schools. She has worked with school districts in Minnesota and twenty other states, from the Cass Lake-Bena School District in Minnesota to Chicago Public Schools. She also speaks nationally on restorative measures at conferences and through trainings. She provides technical assistance on violence and bullying prevention, school connectedness, school climate, dropout prevention, cultural relevance in prevention education, crisis prevention and recovery, and restorative measures. She has also provided technical assistance in restoring the learning environment to the Minnesota school districts that experienced school shooting incidents.
Nancy was a member of the design team for the National Institute of Corrections’ restorative conferencing curriculum for law enforcement and school personnel, Facilitating Restorative Group Conferences. She participated in the “Restorative Justice and Teen Court Focus Group” for the American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) and has written several articles on restorative measures in schools. She presented on Minnesota Restorative Practices at the Restorative Approaches to Conflict in Schools Seminar at the University of Edinburgh.
At the Minnesota Department of Education, she has worked with her colleagues on evaluating and implementing restorative measures in schools. She has analyzed data regarding disproportionate minority representation in suspensions and expulsions, student survey data regarding bullying, and data surrounding the state-wide violence prevention mass media campaign, You’re The One Who Can Make The Peace.
Prior to coming to the Minnesota Department of Education, Nancy worked for twelve years with the Illusion Theater’s Sexual Abuse Prevention Program, which created and toured educational plays on child sexual abuse, domestic violence, and HIV/AIDS prevention education. She coordinated the adaptation of Touch, the child sexual abuse prevention play, for the Red Lake People, and trained high school students in twenty different school districts in eight states to present social-issue prevention plays to their peers.
Praise for Circle in the Square
Author ofChanging Lenses and The Little Book of Restorative Justice
Restorative practices are 'what's happening' in schools today. This book, by one of the leaders in the field, draws from reall-life experience as well as the available literature. It is comprehensive but practical and readable; it includes the why, the what, and the how. Every teacher, every administrator - indeed many parents - ought to have this book."
Chair of the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice and Director of the Community Justice Institute at Florida Atlantic University
Nancy Riestenberg, sinceI have known her, has been one of the most articulate advocates of restorative justice in a variety of contexts. Her work in schools, however, is unsurpassed in providing educators with a wealth of knowledge about why and how zero tolerance policies are counterproductive. Most importantly, she is unsurpassed in giving school professionals new tools and showing them how to use them. It is this hands-on work—not more rules or even decent policy—that shows the promise in at least slowing down the school-to-jail pipeline. As a researcher/
academic who simply tries to keep up with applications and evaluations of restorative justice, I believe that Nancy also offers practitioners a “new theory” of discipline and learning that they can clearly understand and apply in their efforts to create peaceful schools where children and youth can truly learn.
Author ofRestoring Safe School Communities
For over a decade now, Nancy Riestenberg continues to be an innovative visionary of harm reduction, violence prevention, and youth development through restorative measures in schools. Circle in the Square offers an insightful and practical guide to the development of restorative measures in schools in Minnesota.
I can hear Nancy’s calm and reassuring voice in every page, in every story. True to the values and practice of restorative justice, Nancy also includes the voices and stories of her many colleagues in Minnesota, and beyond. In doing so, Circle in the Square offers Minnesota’s rich and diverse experience with restorative measures to be told. It has truly been a story of collaboration and capacity building.
Of particular significance, Minnesota’s collaborative journey illustrates how the use of Circles, as a restorative measure, has shifted from a disciplinary response to a pedagogical foundation. This book offers a rich treasure of stories, insights and guidelines for practice, written with wit, wisdom and integrity. Circle in the Square will touch the lives of many people and will guide us in restoring safe, healthy, and wise education systems for all children.
Restorative practitioner and trainer, Australia
Even the most cynical critics of restorative approaches in schools could not help but be moved by this book. Nancy has written a powerful and compelling combination of research, evaluation, methodology, and stories that argues for the use of Circle and other restorative processes. The stories are heartwarming and moving and demonstrate a belief that young people are capable of making good and wise choices, of contributing in genuinely useful ways, and of being kind, compassionate human beings when they are given the right processes and opportunities to deal with the issues that arise when we live in community. Reading this was like being in the room with Nancy telling these stories. I hope this becomes compulsory reading for all educators.
Co-author of After Crime and Punishment
Restorative justice has surely expanded beyond its original roots in criminal justice. This is undoubtedly good, but it does beg the concern that it may be more attractive to pursue restorative justice in other domains because it is “easier” or “more attractive” to work in non-criminal justice settings, which can be challenging. Of course, other settings have significant challenges of their own, and one is still left with the concern that it is, in fact, necessary to confront the challenges that criminal justice present.
If one is to leave criminal justice, for comparative lessons, inspiration, or relief,Circle in the Square is a terrific destination. Nancy Reistenberg has been integrating restorative justice processes into school districts in Minnesota, her home base, and other states for well more than a decade, and has become the leading national advocate for such interventions. Circle in the Square is a beautifully published, clearly written, and inspiringly instructive guide for reducing harm and building community, even within the context of violent behavior.
Schools commonly expel students for certain disciplinary infractions, so pulling students together, as is done in Circles, is a revolutionary act. At the core of this volume, Reistenberg offers an array of information on typical disciplinary problems, the need for restorative justice, the basic elements of school-based Circles, components of the Circle process, the use of Circles to repair harm, instructions for teachers engaging with restorative justice, and case studies of specific Circle experiences.
Also notable in Circle in the Square is Reistenberg’s use of Circles as a means of violence prevention. All too commonly, schools and criminal justice systems exclude “violent offenders” from program participation. Often this is done because of the perception that violent behavior is beyond the pale of an intervention’s capacity to help out, repair, or even cure. Circles are not the only initiative that has successfully addressed violent behavior, but it is a leading example of how it can be done, and Reistenberg’s focus on it is especially helpful.
Among the skills examined in this volume are Circle values, building Circles, the role of ceremony and storytelling, building confidentiality and trust, handling disclosures, reaching consensus, the free expression of feelings, and the use of Circles to address difficult topics.
Reistenberg observes that restorative justice is about relationships, which are central to situations as diverse as run-of-the-mill disciplinary problems and deadly school shootings, all of which she has dealt with. About the latter, she notes, “Making connections with distrustful parents and community members was not a second thought but an essential act. The need for alternatives to suspension became very apparent during the recovery, as the inappropriate behaviors in the school were often tied to grief and trauma. Sending students away from school became less and less an option, because those children needed to be seen, heard, and supported.